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Walker Safety Share - Spring 2013
SAFE USE OF HAND TOOLS – Walker Machinery uses a wide variety of non-powered devices such as wrenches, pliers, hammers, and screwdrivers. These tools may seem harmless, but they are the cause of many injuries. The following is a summary of safety practices related to hand tools.
The two most common hazards associated with the use of hand tools are misuse and improper maintenance.
Misuse occurs when a hand tool is used for something other than its intended purpose. An example would be using a screwdriver as a chisel. This may cause the tip to break and strike someone.
Improper maintenance allows hand tools to deteriorate into an unsafe condition. Examples would include cracked wooden handles that allow the tool head to fly off or mushroomed heads that can shatter upon impact.
Specially designed tools may be needed in hazardous environments. Always use non-sparking tools in the presence of flammable vapors or dusts. Insulated tools with appropriate ratings must be used for electrical work.
Personal Protective Equipment:
The type of personal protective equipment (PPE) needed when using hand tools depends on the nature of the task. At a minimum, eye protection should always be worn.
The use of hand protection should also be appropriate to provide protection against cuts, abrasion, and repeated impact.
Choose a wrench that properly fits the fastener that is to be turned. Using the correct size reduces the chances of wrench slippage.
Avoid using a length of pipe or other extension to improve the leverage of a wrench. Manufacturers design wrenches so that the amount of leverage obtained with the handle is the maximum safe application.
Use socket wrenches for hard-to-reach areas.
Always try to pull on a wrench (instead of pushing) in case the fastener suddenly loosens.
Inspect wrenches periodically for damage
such as cracking, severe wear, or distortion.
Do not increase the handle length of pliers to gain more leverage. Use a larger pair of pliers or bolt cutters.
Do not substitute pliers for a wrench when turning nuts and bolts. Pliers cannot grip these items properly and will slip.
Never use pliers as a hammer or hammer on the handles. Such abuse is likely to result in cracks or breaks.
Cut hardened wire only with pliers designed for that purpose.
Always cut at right angles. Never rock from side to side or bend the wire back and forth against the cutting edges.
Do not use a hammer if the handle is damaged or loose.
Never weld, heat, or regrind a hammer head.
Remove from service any hammer exhibiting signs
of excessive wear such as cracks, chips, or a mushroomed head.
Match the proper type of hammer to the job it is designed to
Do not strike the surface at an angle. The hammer face should
contact the striking surface squarely. Glancing blows made with a
hammer often lead to injury.
Never use a screwdriver as a pry bar, chisel, punch, stirrer, or scraper.
Always use a screwdriver tip that properly fits the slot of the screw.
Throw away screwdrivers with broken or worn handles.
Use magnetic or screw-holding screwdrivers to start fasteners in tight areas.
Never use pliers on a screwdriver for extra leverage. Only use a wrench on screwdrivers specifically designed to accept them.
Always use a sharp blade. Dull blades require more force
and thus are more likely to slip. Replace the blade when
it starts to “tear” instead of cut.
Never leave a knife unattended with the blade exposed.
Consider using a self-retracting knife with a spring-loaded
blade. (The blade will retract when pressure on the knife is released).
Keep your free hand away from the line of the cut and cut away
from the body.
Don’t bend or apply side loads to blades by using them to open
cans or pry loose objects. Blades are brittle and can snap easily.
ALWAYS USE THE RIGHT TOOL AND
A SAFE TOOL FOR THE JOB AT HAND !!
Adverse Driving Conditions: Be Prepared When the Weather is Extreme – The professional driver should always be ready for extreme weather. Now that spring is finally here, extreme conditions, including rain and fog, can be at the least, inconvenient and at worst, deadly. Being prepared can make the difference when it comes to safe travel.
Rain – Driving in the rain can be dangerous as this adverse weather condition causes both vehicle control and driver visibility issues. When rain first starts to fall, it mixes with the dirt, oil, and grease that cover the road’s surface. Until additional rain breaks down and washes away this oily mixture, the pavement is slick. This condition can last anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. When traveling in rain:
Reduce vehicle speed, Increase following distance behind other vehicles; and Allow for more time to stop
A heavy rain that cause water to stand on the roadway can cause a vehicle to hydroplane. The faster a vehicle travels on standing water, the greater the chance of hydroplaning. This is because traction is only present when a vehicle’s tires have contact with the road. If the tires are riding on a wall of water, they lose traction. This loss of traction causes a loss of steering control. The best way to prevent hydroplaning is by slowing down.
Visibility is also a concern when driving in the rain. The vehicle’s windshield wipers and defroster must be working properly.
Fog – Poor visibility is the challenge for drivers when driving in foggy conditions. Reducing vehicle speed and maintaining a safe following distance are key when traveling in fog. So how fast should a driver be traveling in foggy conditions? It depends on visibility:
If the driver can see six vehicle lengths ahead, 20 mph to 30 mph may be a safe maximum speed.
If the driver can see only two to three vehicle lengths ahead, 10 mph to 15 mph may be a safe maximum speed.
If visibility is extremely poor, the driver should find a safe place to pull over until visibility improves.
The professional driver must use common sense and professional judgment when it comes to how fast he should travel, or if he should be driving at all.
Low beam headlights should always be used when traveling through fog. As well as helping the driver see the roadway, low beams help others see the vehicle.
High beam headlights should never be used. When high beam headlights are used in foggy conditions, the water particles that make up fog tend to reflect more light back at the driver than on the roadway. This actually reduces the driver’s ability to see the roadway.
Windshield wipers should also be used to clear the fine mist that accumulates on the windshield when traveling in fog.
Slow down and increase following distance
Allow more time to stop
Use low beam headlights to see and be seen
Allow additional following distance
If visibility is poor, find a safe place to pull off the road
Walker Safety Share - Winter Weather Safety 2013
With the winter months approaching, Walker Machinery employees need to take special care and precaution throughout operations that are exposed to the elements – which includes almost everything that we do !
Areas of concern include:
•Parts and Service Operations
–Mud, Dirt and Ice
•Machine Steps and Ladders – knock off with hammer, chisel
•Flat Surfaces – on machines, delivery trucks – add floor dry, sand
–Slippery, Wet Conditions, Roadways and Service Shops
•Wet, slippery shop entrance and floors –
prevent slips and falls
•Snow and ice patches, Black Ice (unseen by the eye)
•Use vehicle lights, scrape windows and mirrors
•Loading and Unloading
–Machines, Equipment and Components
•Slow and Cautious when handling equipment
–Forklifts and Uneven Surfaces, Ice Patches – add salt
–Outdoor racking, loading docks and loading ramps
•Use caution when snow and ice are present
–Icy Haul Roads and Passageways
•Know truck escape routes where applicable
–Iced over Machines, Ladders and Handrails
–Freeze / Thaw of Highwalls
•look for cracks, falling debris
–Frozen Ground – hard, uneven surfaces
•Prevent Strains and Sprains
•Parking Lots, Walkways and Driveways
–Ice and Walkways – add salt
–Low Visibility, Dark, Fog – use lights
–Go Slow – prevent slips, trips and falls
Winter Clothing and Staying Warm:
•In winter, you need to dress for warmth; Remember these "three L's"--loose-fitting, lightweight, and layered clothing. Star with long underwear and several pairs of socks, and then add a sweater and long pants. (Wool and wool blends are the warmest and tend to stay drier than other fabrics.) Add a water-repellent jacket or parka with a hood, when needed. Top it all with the basic winter ensemble—hat and gloves. The hat is vital since you lose more heat through the top of your head than anywhere else.
Frostbite occurs when frozen crystals form in the soft tissue of exposed skin, a condition that can cause permanent damage. The areas most at risk are your fingers, toes, nose, and earlobes. Because you are already feeling very cold, it's hard to detect frostbite as it develops. Usually someone else is the first to see it as your skin changes from red to pale gray and becomes cold to the touch.
If you experience frostbite, warm up your skin immediately. Apply a washcloth with warm (not hot!) water to the affected area, but don't rub it since the tissues are very easily damaged. As the skin warms, you may feel some tingling and a pain much like a burn.
Another risk associated with cold is hypothermia. This is a condition in which your body loses heat and isn't able to restore it. Signs of hypothermia are uncontrolled shivering, slowed speech, clumsiness, exhaustion, and memory loss. People in the sports world often call the condition "the Killer of the Unprepared." One serious aspect of hypothermia is that it is almost impossible to recognize it in oneself. In fact, a common early sign of hypothermia is the refusal to admit that anything is wrong. Severe hypothermia can be fetal, which is why professional emergency medical assistance is needed if your body temperature drops below 95 degrees F. In the meantime, all wet or damp clothes should be removed and replaced with blankets. Warm liquids can help, but they should not contain caffeine or alcohol. Both can affect the heart and speed up the effects of the cold.
Winter Weather Preparation and Driving
•Slower and Safer: Winter brings challenges for driving. Reduced periods of daylight, inclement weather in the form of rain, sleet, snow, fog, and ice all pose a real threat to the professional driver. This is the time when slower speeds and increased following distance will greatly enhance your chances of having an accident-free trip.
•Inspections: Pay special attention to your pre-trip and en-route inspections. Ensuring the condition of your tires, lights, wipers/washers, defroster, emergency equipment, and supplies will help you have a safe trip. Good solid end-of-trip inspections will also make certain the vehicle is safe for your next trip.
•Rest Well: Plenty of rest at home will make certain you are in condition to deal with the added stress that winter brings.
•Drive Defensively: Watch out for holiday traffic from Thanksgiving through New Year’s –when the roads are filled with non-professionals who are in a hurry, not rested, and possibly impaired by fatigue, alcohol, drugs or distracted by any number of things. Don’t let them ruin your holidays and your good driving record.
Walker Safety Share - Heat Safety
Heat Illness is a danger in almost all WMCo operations – during the hotter months.
–Parts Warehouses, open Service Shops and Field Service work, plus the tasks that create heat, will all be of concern.
•Sunlight Exposure- Apply SPF 30 or greater sunscreen 30 minutes before going into the sun and every two hours afterward
•Working with others, you should keep an eye out for heat illness, for yourself and those you are working with
•Working alone, you should never ignore the signs of heat cramps and heat exhaustion thus allowing the body temperature to escalate into heat stroke – you can still help yourself as long as the body is sweating by getting out of the direct heat, drinking fluids and cooling off – if the body crosses into heat stroke, you will stop sweating and possibly become helpless in helping yourself
•During the work day’s breaks and lunch, try to find a cooler area, in the shade and take this time to rest and drink fluids – if you do become overheated, always take a break to drink, rest and cool off
•Signals of Heat Emergencies...
–Heat exhaustion: Cool, moist, pale, or flushed skin; heavy sweating; headache; nausea or vomiting; dizziness; and exhaustion. Body temperature will be near normal.
–Heat stroke: Hot, red skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse; and rapid, shallow breathing. Body temperature can be very high-- as high as 105 degrees F. If the person was sweating from heavy work or exercise, skin may be wet; otherwise, it will feel dry.
•Treatment of Heat Emergencies
–Heat cramps: Get the person to a cooler place and have him or her rest in a comfortable position. Lightly stretch the affected muscle and replenish fluids. Give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes. Do not give liquids with caffeine in them, as they can make conditions worse.
–Heat exhaustion: Get the person out of the heat and into a cooler place. Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths, such as towels or sheets. If the person is conscious, give cool water to drink. Make sure the person drinks slowly. Give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes. Do not give liquids that contain caffeine. Let the victim rest in a comfortable position, and watch carefully for changes in his or her condition.
–Heat stroke: Heat stroke is a life-threatening situation. Help is needed fast. Call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number. Move the person to a cooler place. Quickly cool the body. Immerse victim in cool water, apply ice packs or wrap wet cloths around the body and fan it. Watch for signals of breathing problems. Keep the person lying down and continue to cool the body any way you can. If the victim refuses water or is vomiting or there are changes in the level of consciousness, do not give anything to eat or drink.
•Staying hydrated is the No. 1 prevention technique and you should begin drinking water or electrolyte fluids two-hours before you are exposed to heat and continue throughout the day. The following chart will help to determine if you are staying properly hydrated.
–Do not drink caffeine or energy drinks in the heat – these drinks add to dehydration
Walker’s safety record receives recognition
Feb. 3, 2012
From left: Inspector-at-Large Region 1, Westover, W.Va Ed Peddicord; Walker Machinery’s Executive V.P. Tim McLean; Director of W.Va’s Office of Miners’ Health, Safety and Training C. A. Phillips; Walker Machinery’s Corporate Safety Manager Michelle Brogan; Walker Machinery’s Corporate Safety Director Ryan Corbin; Senior Vice President, W. Va. Coal Association Chris R. Hamilton and W.Va. Board of Coal Mine Health and Safety Terry Hudson.
CHARLESTON - The West Virginia Office of Miners' Health, Safety and Training (WVOMHST) and the West Virginia Coal Association (WVCA), presented their annual Mountaineer Guardian Safety Awards during the 39th annual WV Coal Mining Symposium that took place Feb. 3, in Charleston. It is with great pride and honor to announce that Walker Machinery Co. was the recipient of the award for independent contractors working on coal mines in West Virginia.
The WVOMHST and the WVCA established the Mountaineer Guardian Safety Awards Program, in 1983, as a joint effort to promote safety in the coal fields of the state. This special program gives recognition to workplaces in the mining industry for their safety efforts. Operations are nominated by mine inspectors and are graded according to several criteria, including: safety initiatives within the company, co-operative efforts with the regulatory agencies, accident incident rate and violation history. Mining Operations are divided into categories based on the number of employees, and awards are given to the top performers in each category.
According to Corporate Safety Director Ryan T. Corbin, Walker Machinery is very honored to receive this award.
“No one person is responsible for this achievement,” Corbin said. “Rather, it is from the collective efforts of our management’s leadership and support and the true commitment and enthusiasm of our world-class employees. Businesses and organizations have many similar goals, but none of those goals matter if in the course of achieving them, workers are injured. That has been and continues to be our philosophy at Walker Machinery. I would like to personally thank all of our employees who worked on mine property in 2011 for their exemplary performance in the field, as indicated by this achievement.”
There are approximately 2,350 independent contractors registered in West Virginia and Walker Machinery was chosen to be #1 in coal operations, Corbin said. Walker Machinery also won this prestigious award in 2007, which further demonstrates the dedication of Walker employees to embrace safety.
“We certainly hope to continue to improve the safety and health of our employees and our commitment to our customers, the environment, and our community,” Corbin said.
Charleston Component Rebuild Center Wins Two - Year Safety Award
Sept. 28, 2012
Walker Employees From left: Corporate Safety Director Ryan Corbin, Machine Shop Manager Greg Ingram, CEO Monty L. Boyd, Machine Shop Manager Ed Pugh and Corporate Safety Manager Michelle Brogan
Walker’s Safety Program Corporate Safety Manager Michelle Brogan, Corporate Safety Director Ryan Corbin and our owner, Monty L. Boyd, celebrated the Charleston Component Rebuild Center’s two-years of safety, September 28. According to Corbin, this was a significant event because this is only about one of five departments who have worked two years without a lost time accident.
“With business volumes where they are, there have been a lot of demands placed on our shops,” he said. “The CRC is working a lot of overtime, as are most departments, and have still managed to get the products out the door without serious injury.”